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Corbières wines of the Languedoc-Roussillon, Southern France

The Corbieres landscape Typical Corbières vineyards

The Corbières are a sparsely populated, mountainous piedmont of rocky escarpments, scrubland and evergreen oak forest, windswept and relatively arid, a natural wineproducing area which is attracting an increasing number of ambitious and innovative growers from outside.
 
The Corbières wine Appellation (an AOC since 1985) is characterised by its magnitude (87 villages covering c. 15000 hectares of vineyards producing c. 600,000 hectoliters of wine per year, almost all of it red) and its geological and climatic diversity (all four geological eras are represented in its plethora of soils, and the climate ranges from the very hot low-rainfall Mediterranean zone in the East to the higher, cooler and wetter zone in the West where the Atlantic exerts its influence).

Vine / Vigne / Souche The overbearing presence of bulk-market oriented Co-ops and the near monopoly of a marketing giant called the Val d'Orbieu means that only 5% of Corbières production is bottled on the premises. Quality can range from facile early-drinking wines to outstanding vins de garde. Apart from some of the smaller more adventurous Co-ops, most of the classy Corbières come from private estates. The complexity of terroir in this kaleidoscope of an Appellation means that it is no easy task to describe the wine's typicity. The older low-yielding Carignan vineyards, some nearly centenarian by now, provide the backbone and ageing potential of a typical Corbières, as also a characteristically spicy nose, while the blending with newer varieties like Syrah can add elegance, fine tannins and flowery aromas.
Syrah-dominated Corbières are to be found in the northern and western terroirs (Serviès, Lagrasse, Termenès, Alaric), while Grenache and Mourvèdre do better in the hotter southern and eastern areas (Durban, Sigean). The higher vineyards produce fresher, livelier wines of great finesse, whereas lower down the wines are heavier and grillè. The most commonly encountered aromas and tastes in a typical Corbières are: pepper, cinnamon, resin, liquorice, violets, cocoa, blackberry, cherry. It's a pity that overenthusiastic barrel-ageing often obliterates the complexity of wines which are better left to express the wonders of the Corbières terroirs.
 
Some recommended Growers: Château Aiguilloux (Thèzan, Boutenac), Domaine Baillat (Montlaur, Serviès), Domaine des Pensées Sauvages (Albas, St Victor), Château Saint-Auriol (Lagrasse). The best of the Co-ops: Camplong, Embrès-et-Castelmaure, Montgaillard.

Text: Nick Bradford
 
Photos: Malcolm Beeson

Typical Corbières autumn

 

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